What to do if the computer slows down on windows xp

What to do if the computer slows down on windows xp

Many Windows XP users have come across such a situation when the system after a while after installation begins to slow down. It is very unpleasant, because quite recently the computer has worked at normal speed. But the trouble is easy to overcome when the reasons for its appearance are known. We will look at them further.

Causes of Windows XP Soldding

There are several reasons why the computer begins to slow down. They can be associated with both hardware and the operation of the operating system itself. It happens that when the reason for slow work is the impact of several factors at once. Therefore, in order to ensure the normal speed of your computer, it is necessary to have at least a general idea of ​​what can lead to brakes.

Cause 1: Iron overheating

Hardware problems are one of the frequent reasons for slowing the computer. In particular, it gives overheating of the motherboard, processor, or video card. The most common cause of overheating - dust.

Dust is the main enemy of computer "iron". It violates the normal operation of the computer and can lead to his breakdown.

Dust in the system unit

To avoid this situation, it is necessary to clean the system unit from dust at least once every two or three months.

Laptops even more often suffer from overheating. But in order to correctly disassemble and collect a laptop, certain skills are needed. Therefore, if there is no confidence in your knowledge, cleaning it from dust better to trust the specialist. In addition, the proper operation of the device involves placing it in such a way that the proper ventilation of all its components was ensured.

Read more: Correct computer cleaning or dust laptop

But not only dust can be the cause of overheating. Therefore, it is necessary to periodically check the temperature of the processor and the video card. If necessary, you need to change the thermal chaser on the processor, check the contacts on the video card, or even replace the data of the components when defects are detected.

Read more: Testing the processor on overheating overheating of the video card

Cause 2: Overcrossing the system partition

The partition of the hard disk on which the operating system is installed (by default it is a C drive), should have enough free space for its normal operation. For the NTFS file system, its volume must be at least 19% of the total partition capacity. Otherwise, the response time of the computer and the start of the system occurs much longer.

To check availability of free space on the system section, it is enough to open the conductor, double-clicking the icon "My computer" . Depending on the method of presenting information in its window, data on the availability of free space on sections can be displayed differently. But you can most clearly see them by opening the properties of the disk from the context menu that is called using PCM.

Free-location information on the system section in Windows XP

Here the required information is provided in both texts and graphical form.

You can free on the disk space in different ways. The easiest way to use the means provided by the system. For this you need:

  1. Press the button in the disk properties window. "Cleaning the disk" .
  2. Switch to disk cleaning using Windows XP

  3. Wait until the system estimates the number of space that can be released.
  4. Analysis of the disk cleaning capabilities in Windows XP

  5. Select sections that can be cleaned by setting the checkbox in a checkbox opposite them. If necessary, you can view a specific list of files planned by deleting by clicking on the appropriate button.
  6. Select files that can be deleted

  7. Press Ok And wait for the completion of the process.

Those who are not satisfied with the system to clean the disk space can be used by third-party programs. Their dignity is that along with the possibility of cleaning free space, they, as a rule, have a number of functions to optimize the system.

Read more: How to speed up the hard disk operation

Alternatively, you can also view a list of installed programs that are placed by default on the way. C: \ Program Files And remove those of them that are not used.

One of the reasons for the overflow of the disk with and slowing down the system is the harmful habit of many users to store their files on the desktop. The desktop is a system folder and except for slowing down, you can lose your information in case of collapse of the system. Therefore, all your documents, images, audio and video are recommended to be stored on D. D.

Cause 3: Hard disk fragmentation

The feature of the NTFS file system, which is used in Windows XP and later versions of OS from Microsoft, is that over time, the hard disk files begin to flow into a plurality of parts that can be in different sectors at a considerable distance from each other. Thus, in order to read the contents of the file, the OS should alternately be considered all of its parts, while performing a larger number of hard disk revolutions than in the case when the file is represented by one fragment. This phenomenon is called fragmentation and can significantly slow down the operation of the computer.

To avoid braking system operation, it is necessary to periodically deterrate the hard disk. As in the case of the release of the place, it is easiest that this is done by system means. To launch the defragmentation process, it is necessary:

  1. In the disk properties window with go to the tab "Service" and click on the button "Perform defragmentation" .Transition to defragmentation by Windows XP system tools
  2. Run the analysis of the disk fragmented. Disk fragmented analysis by Windows XP system
  3. If the section is in order, the system will display a message that defragmentation is not required. Message about the absence of disk fragmentOtherwise, you must run it by clicking on the appropriate button. Running defragmentation process in Windows XP

Defragmentation is a very long process, during which it is not recommended to use the computer. Therefore, optimally run it overnight.

As in the previous case, many users do not like the system of defragmentation and they use third-party software products. There are many great many. The choice depends only on personal preferences.

Read more: Hard disk defragmentation programs

Cause 4: trash in the registry

The Windows registry has an unpleasant property over time to expand. There are erroneous keys and whole sections that remain from long remote applications, fragmentation appears. All this does not most effect on the system performance. Therefore, it is necessary to periodically clean the registry.

It should be noted that the registry cannot be cleaned and optimized by Windows XP system tools. You can only try to edit it in manual mode, but for this you need to know exactly what you need to delete. Suppose we need to completely get rid of traces of stay in the Microsoft Office system. For this we do the following:

  1. Open the registry editor by entering the command in the startup window regedit. .Run the registry editor in Windows XPCall this window from the menu "Start" by clicking on the link "Run" , or by combining keys Win + R. .
  2. In the opened editor using the keyboard combination Ctrl + F. Call the search window, enter "Microsoft Office" in it and click on ENTER or button "Find further" .Search Lines in the Windows XP Registry
  3. Delete the value found using the key Delete. .Deleting rows in the Windows XP registry
  4. Repeat items 2 and 3 until the search displays an empty result.

The scheme described above is very cumbersome and unacceptable for the overwhelming majority of users. Therefore, there are many different utilities for cleaning and optimizing the registry created by third-party developers.

Read more: How to Clean Windows Registry from Errors

Regularly using one of these means, it can be achieved that the registry will never cause a slowdown in the computer.

Reason 5: Large List of Startup

Often the reason that Windows XP begins to work slowly, is too big a list of programs and services that must start at the system startup. Most of them are prescribed there during the installation of various applications and monitor the presence of updates, collects information about user preferences, and even at all is a malicious software trying to steal your confidential information.

READ ALSO: Disconnect serviceable services in Windows XP

To solve this program, it is necessary to carefully examine the list of autoloaders and remove from it or disable the software that is not critical for the system. This can be done as follows:

  1. In the Program Startup window, enter the command msconfig .Calling the system setup window in Windows XP
  2. Select a selective start of the system and disable autoload, removing the checkbox from the corresponding item. Turning off the startup in the Windows XP system settings window

If you need to solve the problem less radically, you need to go to the tab in the system settings window "Autoload" And there selectively disconnect individual elements, removing the tick opposite them. The same manipulation can be done with the list of services running at the start of the system. Disable individual startup elements in the Windows XP system settings windowAfter applying changes, the computer will reboot and starts with new parameters. Practice shows that even the complete shutdown of the startup does not have a negative impact on the system of the system, but it can accelerate it quite significantly.

As in the previous cases, it is possible to solve the problem not only by system means. Many software optimization programs have functions to optimize the autoload. Therefore, for our purpose, you can use any of them, for example, CCleaner.

Cause 6: Viral Activity

Viruses are the cause of a multitude of computer problems. Among other things, their activity can significantly slow down the system. Therefore, if the computer began to slow down, checking for viruses is one of the first actions that the user should take.

There are a lot of programs designed to combat viruses. It makes no sense to list them now. Each user has its own preferences on this. It is only necessary to take care of the antivirus bases all the time in the current state and periodically check the system checks.

Read more: Antiviruses for Windows software to remove viruses from a computer

Here, briefly, and all about the causes of slow work Windows XP and how to eliminate them. It remains only to note that one of the reasons for the slow work of the computer is Windows XP itself. Microsoft has ceased its support in April 2014 and now every day this OS becomes more defenseless before threats that constantly appear on the network. It is less and less corresponds to the system requirements of the new software. Therefore, no matter how this operating system would not have loved, it is necessary to recognize that it is gone and think about updating.

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The Windows XP operating system is undemanding and perfectly works both on hardware with minimal parameters and on modern more powerful gland. This is a product from Microsoft Corporation, which has conquered confidence in billions of people around the world due to their reliability and simplicity.

But the time comes when certain problems appear and even Windows XP begins to make failures.

Signs indicating ineffective operation OS:

  • the system is loaded long;
  • programs cease to react or respond to the delay;
  • At times, the commands submitted by the mouse and keyboard are stopped;
  • Fit the screen.

Why does it happen, what factors do it provoke and what to do if Windows XP slows down the computer?

Main reasons

There is no one reason why the computer can start braking and hang. It may sometimes come up to the individual problems for each computer. But first of all it is necessary to consider the most common and important reasons that violate the normal operation of the system.

Startup overflow

This is the first and most common cause, due to which the system starts loading for a long time and hang. The longer you work with a PC, the more on it appears different programs that you install. The considerable percentage of these default programs without the knowledge of the user is assigned to autoload.

Startup overflow

Photo: Startup overflow

Users are not so often interested in what they are in autoload and how much the system resources occupy. Most often, most of these applications do not make sense to run along with the OS, as they are very rarely used either at all are never applied and do not bring any benefit.


The second common cause when the Windows XP slows down, the dust accumulated in the system unit. Dust constantly penetrates inside and falls on all components of the body. Cooling coolers are particularly susceptible to pollution, which for this reason can stop fully fulfilling their function.

Dust in computer

Photo: Dust in computer

In the absence of proper cooling, the hardware is overheated, the overall performance of the processor is reduced and, as a result, the operating system ceases to work effectively.

Important! Dust accumulated in the housing can cause overheating and completely display a computer.


Sometimes computer viruses can be the main factor in the loss of OS performance and cause many other problems.

How can viruses be dangerous:

  • block access or output OS and individual programs;
  • fixed and sent to third parties entered passwords and other confidential information;
  • change, encrypt and delete files; The virus blocked PC

    Photo: Virus blocked PC

  • load other malicious programs;
  • connect the OS to Botnet networks;

Viruses seek to introduce their malicious code to the program and disrupt their proper work. They use computer resources, thereby reducing its performance.

Important! If you do not have an antivirus program, then most likely there are viruses on your PC.

Sorrow registry

All parameters of the installed programs created by accounts and other variable functions are fixed in the system registry. If you have incorrectly deleting or changing certain programs or functions, all unnecessary records continue to be in the database.

System registry

Photo: System Registry

Gradually, thanks to such records, the registry grows to huge sizes, which slows the speed of the OS when accessing the database.

Visual effects

Most of the attractive graphics effects, albeit the user's eye, but at the same time significantly load the processor, RAM and video card, thereby reducing the overall productivity of the machine.

If the computer is weak and meets only the minimum or average OS requirements, it is worth thinking over to disable some visual effects.

Video: Computer works slowly

Methods of elimination

If you have Windows XP and work on a computer becomes unbearable, do not hurry to contact the service for help or independently demolish OS. Repair and configuration of the computer can do it on weekly, and reinstalling the OS with all the necessary programs takes a lot of time.

In almost any situation there are solutions, alternative handling to a service or reinstalling the operating system that will save you nerves, money and time.

Bus load

To solve a problem with overcrowded autoload, you do not need to have special programs or special programming knowledge. Any user will be able to figure it out.

All you need to do is run the "System Configuration" and remove markers with useless programs in the "Auto-load" tab.

We will discern step by step actions:

  1. Click the Start button, then "Run";
  2. In the window that appears, enter MSCONFIG and press "ENTER"; command "msconfig"

    Photo: MSCONFIG command

  3. Then go to the "Startup" tab; Tab "Autoload"

    Photo: Tab "Autoload"

  4. Remove markers from all unnecessary programs to you;
  5. After click "Apply" and "OK".

Important! Do not turn off the autoload of antivirus and firewall, it increases the vulnerability of the machine.

Cleaning dust

Pay attention to the temperature of the processor, hard disk, motherboard and video card, they must always be within the normal range.

There are two ways to find out the temperature:

  • use "BIOS";
  • Use special utilities.

Consider an analysis of the overheating of the machine through " Bios. ":

  1. Restart OS;
  2. When loading "BIOS", depending on the model of the motherboard, press the "F2" or "DEL" key; Loading "BIOS"

    Photo: Loading "BIOS"

  3. In the running menu, locate the "Power / Monitor" tab. Tab "Power / Monitor"

    Photo: POWER / MONITOR Tab

This tab contains information about the current hardware temperature, cooler speed and other information.

You can also use one of the following utilities for analyzing the components of the machine:

  • Speccy;
  • AIDA64;
  • Core temp;
  • Speedfan;
  • Real Temp;
  • Hmonitor;
  • CPU Thermometer;
  • Open Hardware Monitor. Open Hardware Monitor

    Photo: Open Hardware Monitor

You can choose any of them, they equally well cope with their work.

Permissible temperature:

  1. processor - 40-50 ° C;
  2. Video card - 60-65 ° C;
  3. motherboard - 25-35 ° C;
  4. Hard disk - 35-40 ° C.

If the temperature of a particular component of the machine exceeds the permissible rate, it is necessary to check, possibly inside the housing it is time to make cleaning from dust.

To remove dust, a vacuum cleaner is suitable with the air flow function and a toothbrush.

We proceed to cleaning:

  1. Turn off the system unit from the network;
  2. Open the housing;
  3. Remove hard drives, video card and processor cooler;
  4. blow all the inner elements of the vacuum cleaner;
  5. For hard-to-reach places, use a toothbrush. Cleaning a computer from dust

    Photo: Cleaning a computer from dust

Important! Pay attention to the number of thermal paste under the cooler, if necessary, add it.

Check for viruses

Be sure to install one of the antiviruses on your computer, it will not only protect your data, but also increase the operability of the OS.

On the Internet you can find many antiviruses, different and by price, and by the degree of efficiency of protection against malicious software.

Consider the best paid options that the market offers to date:

  • Kaspersky Internet Security;
  • Norton 360;
  • Avast! Internet Security;
  • Dr.Web Security Space.
Check for viruses

Photo: Virus check

To determine which antivirus is suitable for you, you can go to the official websites of manufacturers companies and get acquainted with all the conditions.

Top Free Antivirus Utilities:

  • 360 Internet Security;
  • Panda Free Antivirus;
  • Avast free antivirus;
  • AVG AntiVirus FREE;
  • ComodoinTernetSecurityPremium.

Each of these utilities has its pros and cons, the choice remains yours.

We treat viruses:

  1. Using your chosen antivirus, run the scanner to check the entire data volume;
  2. All detected threats remove either put in quarantine depending on antivirus recommendations.

Tip: Configure firewall to work only with reliable utilities using the Internet.

Cleaning registry

To clean the registry without a specialized software, do not do.

The best free utilities for working with the registry:

  • CCleaner;
  • Vit Registry Fix;
  • WindowsCleaner;
  • RegistryLife.

The interface of these utilities is very simple, to optimize and clean unnecessary registry entries, you must press only a few buttons.

Optimization and cleaning

Photo: Optimization and cleaning

Tip: To feel the difference before and after cleaning, restart the computer.

Setting up visual effects

To increase the PC performance, adjust the visual effects.

Consider how to disable graphic design parameters:

  1. Right-click on My Computer;
  2. Select the "Properties" string;
  3. Click the "Advanced" tab;
  4. In the "Speed" area, click the "Parameters" button; Tab "Advanced"

    Photo: Optional Tab

  5. In the "Performance Parameters" window that opens, mark the "Provide Best Speed" marker;
  6. Click "Apply" and "OK". "Parameters of speed"

    Photo: "Performance Parameters"

Increasing the paging file

Changing the parameters of the paging file is another effective way to increase the working capacity of PC. The paging file, or a different virtual memory, serves to save certain information and helps to protect the operational memory with the work.

Recommendations for setting up a paging file:

  • the size of the paging file should be made in one and a half - two times more installed RAM;
  • It is not recommended to establish virtual memory in the same section of the hard disk in which the OS is placed.

Increase the size of the paging file:

  • Right-click on My Computer;
  • Select the "Properties" string;
  • Click the "Advanced" tab;
  • In the "Speed" area, click the "Parameters" button; access to paging file

    Photo: Access to the paging file

  • Open the Advanced tab and select the "Virtual Memory" section;
  • Click the Edit button;
  • Select the least loaded disc partition;
  • Install the marker to the item "Special Size"; Changing the scope file

    Photo: change the volume of the paging file

  • Set the source and maximum dimensions;
  • Click "Set";
  • After that, you can disable the paging files on other disk sections (if any);
  • To do this, put the marker "without paging file" and click "Set".

After rebooting the PC, the changes will take effect.

Brakes Windows XP after updating

When booting Windows XP after the update you may find that the PC is not stable. To eliminate this problem, you can use the system restoration.

Troubleshooting after updating :

  1. Open "Start" and select "Programs"
  2. then hover over the "service" and open the "system restoration"; "System Restore"

    Photo: "System Restore"

  3. In the window that appears, select "Restoring the earlier state of the computer";
  4. Select the checkpoint before the update;
  5. Confirm the selection and wait for the end of the process.

This method will allow you to roll back the OS to an earlier stable state.

As you can see, the unstable work of Windows XP can be caused by a non-one factor, but they all have their own easy solution. You yourself will be able to use the methods given and eliminate the troubleshooting.

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