Dear brothers and sisters! We are glad to welcome you to our website "Church Holiday". On the pages of this Christian Orthodox resource, you can always get reliable and up-to-date information about what dates are celebrated by believers today, tomorrow, as well as on any other day of the month or year. Find out about the day of memory of which saint, great martyr or confessor the Russian Orthodox Church celebrates today, the ordinal numbers of the weeks, whether weddings take place on this day. What day readings are held in churches and temples, detailed liturgical instructions.
What are the church holidays today?
* Note: the date in the calendar is updated every day at 00:01 Moscow time. If the next day has already arrived in your time zone, go:
Date today:Saturday, 27 February 2021 (What date is it in the old style today: February 14) Week of the Publican and the Pharisee Equal. Cyril, teacher of Slovenian (869) Rev. Auxentia (about 470) What saints do we remember today: Rev. Maron, Syrian hermit (c. 433). Holy. Abraham, Bishop of Carrian (V). 12 Greeks, builders of the Cathedral of the Assumption Church of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (XI). Rev. Isaac, the hermit of Pechersky (about 1090). Transfer of the relics of the noble. book Mikhail of Chernigovsky and the bolyarin Theodore (1578). Memorial Day for Confessors and New Martyrs: PriestMuch. Onisimus, Bishop of Tula (1937); holy man. Tryphon of the Rodonezh Deacon (1938). Fasting days and light weeks: The week about the publican and the Pharisee is continuous. Rejection: Don't get married. Reading schedule for today: Gospel and Apostle: In lit .: - Ap .: 2 Timothy 3: 1-9 Ev .: From Luke 20: 45-21: 4 Psalter: In the morning: - Psalm 109-111 Psalm 119 For the evening.: - Psalm 1-8
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Random quote“Behold, anyone who speaks in parables can say about you:“ As the mother is, such is the daughter ”. ... "(Ezek.16: 44)
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Upcoming significant events:March, 6 (February 21 old style) Universal parental (meat-eating) Saturday. 9th of March (February 24, old style) The first (IV) and second (452) finding of the head of John the Baptist
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- How to understand the meaning of Orthodox holidays? - Read on
In Orthodoxy, every day is dedicated to some event or saint. Here you will learn about the peculiarities of the Christian calendar, the dates and meaning of the main holidays, and on what basis the church holidays are divided.
Christian church holidays are associated with events from the Gospel or the lives of saints.
Features of the Orthodox calendar
Orthodoxy has played a huge role in world culture. In many countries, the red days of the Christian calendar are widely celebrated. However, the Orthodox calendar differs significantly from the civil one. Here are the main differences:
- The church year begins in September.
- The first day of the week is Sunday
- The service day begins in the evening.
What are the holidays
Christian holidays are divided according to categories into great, medium and small. Easter or Resurrection of Christ is a special day, which in importance is higher than all other holidays. On this day, Christ was resurrected after a three-day stay in the tomb. The significance of this event in the salvation of mankind cannot be overestimated. On this day, the doors of Paradise were opened again, closed after the fall of the first people - Adam and Eve. Today, as in the past, on Easter, people greet each other with the words: "Christ is Risen!" and answer: "Truly He is Risen!" It is also customary to give each other red eggs for this holiday. The following legend is connected with this: After the Resurrection of Christ, Mary Magdalene came to the palace to the emperor Tiberius and handed him an egg with the words: "Christ is Risen!" To this, Tiberius said: "The dead cannot be resurrected, just as the white egg cannot turn red." And before the eyes of the amazed emperor, the egg began to change its color. Since then, it has become a tradition to paint Easter eggs red.
Twelve feasts are the twelve most important church holidays, which remember the most important events in the life of the Savior and the Mother of God. On this basis, they are divided into the Lord's and the Mother of God.
- Entry of the Lord into Jerusalem
- Exaltation of the Cross
- Ascension of the Lord
- Day of the Holy Trinity
Mother of God
- Nativity of the Blessed Virgin
- Introduction to the temple
One of the twelve feasts, Meeting, has signs of both the Lord's and the Theotokos.
Five great non-twelve holidays
Following the twelve are five great holidays:
- Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos
- Circumcision of the Lord and the memory of St. Basil the Great
- The Nativity of John the Baptist
- Memory of the first-class app. Peter and Paul
- Beheading of John the Baptist
Any Sunday of the year
Sunday in Orthodoxy is called "Little Easter" ... On this day, the Church commemorates the Resurrection of Christ. At the service, hymns are sung, in which this great event is praised: "Seeing the Resurrection of Christ", "Jesus is Risen from the grave" and others.
If the twelveth Lord's feast falls on Sunday, then Sunday hymns are not sung at the service, but are replaced by festive ones.
On Sunday, an Orthodox Christian must be at the Liturgy. On this day, you cannot do homework, except for the most necessary ones, but it is best to devote it to prayer, reading spiritual books and good deeds.
In Orthodox liturgical practice, these holidays are divided into two types: with vigil and with polyeleos. The first include the days of remembrance: the Apostle John the Theologian, the Monks Sergius of Radonezh, Seraphim of Sarov, St. John Chrysostom, the Great Martyr George the Victorious and others. This also includes patronal feasts, as well as the days of especially revered saints. Holidays with polyeleos include: Vladimir Icon, Equal to the Apostles Constantine and Helena, Kazan Icon, Prophet Elijah.
Small holidays in the charter are called "Praises" , since on the eve of them at Matins the "Great Doxology" is sung. There are a lot of such days in the church calendar. These are days of memory of martyrs, prophets, apostles, etc.
Holidays associated with Easter are rolling. These are the Entry of the Lord into Jerusalem (or Palm Sunday, a week before Easter), Ascension (on the 40th day after Easter), Trinity (on the 50th day after Easter). It is interesting that the rolling holidays are associated with a specific day of the week: the Entry of the Lord into Jerusalem and the Trinity are always celebrated on Sunday, and the Ascension on Thursday.
All other holidays in the Orthodox calendar are non-transferable, that is, they are tied to a certain unchangeable date. Therefore, non-passing holidays always fall on different days of the week.
Major celebrations of Christianity
Easter does not belong to any category of holidays, but stands above them. None of the big holidays can compare with her in solemnity. The word "passover" is translated from the Hebrew as "exodus". The prototype of the Christian Passover was the Jewish Passover - the day when the prophet Moses brought the Jews out of Egyptian slavery. Then the Jews killed the lamb and smeared the blood on the doors of houses so that the destroying angel would pass by. In the New Testament Passover, Christ, the Lamb of God, was sacrificed and resurrected to free people from eternal death. The Jews celebrated the Old Testament Passover in memory of the deliverance from the slavery of the Egyptians, and today the New Testament Christians celebrate in memory of the deliverance from the slavery of the devil. For forty whole days, the Bright Resurrection of Christ is celebrated, and all this time in the churches a victory song sounds: "Christ is Risen from the dead, trampling death on death and giving life to those in the grave."
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (September 21)
This holiday begins the church year and the story of our salvation begins. The parents of the Most Holy Theotokos, Joachim and Anna, lived to a ripe old age and had no children. Once the righteous Joachim went to the temple to offer a sacrifice to God. But the priest drove him away, since the Jews considered childless people abandoned by God. In deep sorrow, Joachim went into the wilderness and began to pray. There an Angel appeared to him and announced that his wife would conceive a girl who would become the Mother of the Savior of the world. Anna was sitting in the garden at that time. There was a nest in the tree, in which chicks chirped. Looking at this, Anna grieved about the absence of children. At that time, an angel appeared to her and told the good news, and Anna and Joachim immediately went to the temple to thank the Lord. At the gates of Jerusalem, they met and told each other about a joyful vision. After the due date, Anna gave birth to Daughter Mary - the future Mother of God. This holiday today, as before, is especially revered in Russia. Many Russian Orthodox churches are consecrated in honor of the holiday.
Exaltation of the Cross of the Lord (September 27)
During the reign of Emperor Constantine the Great, during which the persecution of Christians ended, the Holy Cross of the Lord was found. In search of him, the mother of the emperor, the noble queen Helen, went to Jerusalem. When they began to dig at the site of the Crucifixion, they found three crosses. Just at this time, a funeral procession was passing by. Then the patriarch began to alternately apply crosses to the deceased. When the third cross touched him, he stood up alive. After that, the patriarch raised (raised up) the Cross of Christ and overshadowed people with it. The people sang: “Lord have mercy!” This event is celebrated in the Church as the Exaltation of the Life-giving Cross. In the churches where the bishop serves, the rite of the Exaltation is performed: the bishop slowly raises and lowers the Cross while singing "Lord have mercy!"
Entry into the Temple of the Most Holy Theotokos (December 4)
When the Virgin Mary was three years old, her parents sent her to the temple for education. On the way she was accompanied by young virgins in white robes and holding candles. Thirteen steep steps led to the door of the temple, and the young Lady, strengthened by the power of God, ascended them unaided. Above She was met by the high priest Zechariah (father of John the Baptist) and led into the Holy of Holies. This is the most important place in the temple, where only the high priest could enter, and then once a year. The most important shrines of the Jews were kept there: the Ark of the Covenant with the tablets, the blossoming rod of Aaron and the vessel with manna. In this place, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, Zechariah introduced the Blessed Virgin. In the temple, the Virgin Mary grew up to 14 years old. She studied the Holy Scriptures, prayed and did handicrafts.
Nativity of Christ (January 7)
This holiday is filled with mystery and joy. The Divine Infant was not born in the royal palaces, but in a cave, in a manger for cattle. For the child of the Creator of the universe, there was no place in the houses in Bethlehem. At Christmas, the shepherds grazed the flocks near the city. Suddenly a bright light shone, angels descended from heaven and sang: "Glory to God in the highest." The shepherds fell to the ground in fear, but the Angel calmed them and announced the birth of the Messiah. They immediately went to worship Christ. On Christmas night, an extraordinary star appeared in the sky. Oriental sages noticed her and realized that someone great was born. The star moved and the Magi followed it. Above the Bethlehem cave, the star stopped. Going inside, the Magi found the Infant God, worshiped Him and brought gifts: gold as the King, incense as God, and myrrh as a man (they wiped the bodies of the dead with myrrh before burial).
Baptism of the Lord (January 19)
When the Savior was thirty years old, He went to Jordan to be baptized. When Christ plunged into the waters of the Jordan, the heavens suddenly opened, the Holy Spirit appeared in the form of a dove and the voice of God the Father was heard: “This is My Beloved Son, of whom I am well pleased.” Baptism is also called Theophany, since on that day the Holy Trinity appeared: God The Son was baptized in Jordan, God the Father testifies of the Son and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove. On this day, all the waters on the globe are sanctified. And, despite the winter frosts, people tend to plunge into the consecrated springs.
Presentation of the Lord (February 15)
On the eighth day after the Nativity of Christ, the Most Holy Theotokos and Elder Joseph went to the temple to offer a sacrifice according to the law. Elder Simeon met them on the threshold, took the Divine Infant into his arms and said: "Now let go of Thy servant, Master ...". Turning to the Mother of God, he said: “Behold, this is lying for the fall and for the rebellion of many in Israel. And the weapon itself will pass to You by the very soul ”. These words of the elder meant that the Mother of God would experience great sorrow.
Annunciation (April 7)
This event happened when the Virgin Mary was living in the house of Joseph the Betrothed. She read the book of the prophet Isaiah and when she reached the place where it was said about the birth of the Messiah from the Virgin, she said: “I wish I could at least be a servant of that Virgin”. At that moment, the Archangel Gabriel appeared to Her and said: "Rejoice, Gracious One!" The Virgin was embarrassed by such a greeting, and the Angel continued: “You will give birth to a Son and you will call Him Jesus. This will be the Savior of the world. " In response to the Virgin's surprise, how can it be if She does not know her husband, the answer was: "The Holy Spirit will descend on You." And after that, the Mother of God utters the words, complete devotion to the Will of God: "I am the servant of the Lord, wake me according to Thy verb." The Annunciation is the good news of the conception of the Savior of the world.
The Lord's Entry into Jerusalem (last Sunday before Easter)
The last Sunday before Orthodox Easter is called Palm or the Lord's Entry into Jerusalem. Shortly before the sufferings of the Cross, the Savior commanded the disciples to bring a donkey and a young colt. Sitting on the colt, he rode into Jerusalem. On the way, crowds of people met Him, throwing palm branches on the way, washing clothes and exclaiming: “Hosanna in the highest! Blessed is he who walks in the name of the Lord! ”The unbroken colt symbolizes the Gentiles who were not under the yoke of the Law. However, they were the first to accept the Gospel teachings and took up the yoke of Christ. The donkey meant the Jews who were under the Law of Moses, but did not know Christ.
Ascension of the Lord (on the 40th day after Easter)
On the fortieth day after the Resurrection, Christ gathered his disciples and went to the Mount of Olives. There He began to ascend from them to heaven, until He completely disappeared from sight. And they stood and looked after them until the angels appeared and said: “Why are you looking at the sky? Christ, ascended to heaven, will come just as they saw Him going to heaven. ”Having ascended, Christ deified man. And the words of the angels announced the Second Coming of Christ, which will be with glory.
Holy Trinity Day (50th day after Easter)
Before the ascension, the Lord promised the disciples to send them the Comforter Spirit. And now this moment has come. On the 10th day after the Ascension, the disciples were in the temple. Suddenly, the Holy Spirit descended from heaven in the form of tongues of fire. And the apostles spoke in different languages and began to understand the Scriptures. The Day of the Holy Trinity is today called the Birthday of the Church.
Transfiguration of the Lord (August 19)
This is the most beloved summer holiday by many. It is popularly called the "Apple Savior", since according to tradition, apples and other fruits of the new harvest are consecrated. The holiday itself is dedicated to the following event: Once Christ took three disciples - Peter, James and John and climbed with them to Mount Tabor. There he was suddenly transformed: he shone with heavenly glory, the clothes became snow-white, and the prophets Moses and Elijah appeared nearby. The disciples fell down in fear, and when they got up, the vision stopped. Christ appeared to them in heavenly glory, so that seeing Him humiliated and crucified, they would not doubt His Divinity.
Every year in Jerusalem on this holiday a miracle occurs: a cloud descends on Tabor and envelops everyone who is there.
Dormition of the Virgin (28 August)
Many miracles are associated with this event. The first is the miraculous transfer of the apostles on the clouds to the house of John the Theologian, where the Mother of God lived. The second is the miraculous admonition of the Jew Athos during the burial. When the apostles carried the body of the Most Pure One to the burial place, the Jews wanted to prevent them. One of them, named Afonia, even dared to touch the coffin to overturn it.
Beheading of Ion the Forerunner (11 September)
The Prophet repeatedly denounced King Herod for taking his brother's wife for himself. The latter hated him for this and tried to kill him. The moment soon arrived. Herodias's daughter danced at a feast in honor of Herod's birthday and liked him so much that he promised to give her whatever he wanted. The girl, at the instigation of her mother, asked for the head of John the Baptist. Herod was saddened, but because of shame in front of the guests he did not dare to refuse and ordered to behead the prophet. A terrible thing: the murder of the prophet of God was committed out of false shame. In memory of this event, a strict fast was established in the Orthodox Church on the day of the holiday.
Icons are painted in honor of each church event, the plots of which reveal the main conditions and meaning of the celebration. Here are some examples:
Exaltation of the Cross of the Lord (September 27)
The icon of the holiday depicts a bishop surrounded by priests, who stands on a dais and overshadows the people with the Cross. Later, the icon began to depict Queen Helena. She stands next to the bishop and holds a platter of nails with which the hands and feet of the Savior were nailed. The people symbolize on the icon all Orthodox Christians who worship the Cross as an instrument of our salvation.
Pokrov (October 14)
The icon depicts the appearance of the Theotokos to Andrew the Fool during the earthquake in Constantinople. The frightened people gathered in the temple and began to fervently pray for salvation. During prayer, the blessed one saw the Mother of God stretching out her omophorion over the city. He realized that the Mother of God would protect Constantinople from destruction. And in fact, the earthquake stopped. The icon of the holiday depicts the Mother of God holding the omophorion (head covering) stretched out. Below is a praying people, including Blessed Andrew.
Entry into the Temple of the Most Holy Theotokos (December 4)
On the icon, the Mother of God is depicted ascending the steps of the church. Below are Her parents and the virgins with lighted candles, and at the door of the temple the Virgin is met by the high priest Zechariah.
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21:15 02/26/2021 Image Credit Flickr
7 Orthodox church holidays are celebrated on February 27.
Publican and Pharisee 6 feast day
Continuous week. Preparation for strict Great Lent. The week is named after the biblical parable of the publican and the Pharisee.
Cyril Vesnookazchik Equal to the Apostles Cyril, teacher of Slovenian
Honoring the memory of St. Cyril (before the acceptance of the schema - Constantine). Together with brother Methodius, they created the Slavic alphabet, translated the Gospel and other liturgical books into the Slavic language, and introduced divine services in Slavic. He died in 869.
Saint Cyril (worldly name - Constantine) and his brother Methodius are equal to the apostles primary teachers and enlighteners. They were originally from Macedonia, the city of Soluni.
From the age of 14, Cyril was brought up with an imperial son. For his intelligence and outstanding knowledge he received the nickname Philosopher (Wise). In his youth, he was ordained a presbyter and went to Constantinople to the cathedral church as a librarian and philosopher.
Soon he went to Methodius on Mount Olympus to find peace and solitude there. I did not stay in that place for long. In 857, Emperor Michael sent both brothers on a missionary journey to the Khazars to preach the Christian faith (their path lay through Chersonesos, where the saints found the relics of the martyr Clement, the Pope). Thanks to the efforts of the brothers, the Khazar prince and his people adopted Christianity. The governor released all the Greek captives, and together with them Saint Cyril returned to Constantinople.
In 862 the emperor sent the saints to Mordovia to preach Christianity in the Slavic language. Together with his brother, Saint Cyril translated many books from Greek into Slavic, taught people to read and write, and became the creator of the first Slavic alphabet.
At the invitation of Pope Hadrian, Saints Cyril and Methodius set off for Rome. They were greeted with great respect, since the brothers brought with them the relics of the Holy Martyr Clement, the Pope.
In the year 869, at 42, Saint Cyril died. They buried him in the church of St. Clement.
Traditions and rituals
In the old days, in order for the earth to absorb more moisture, men on this day went out into the field and specially trampled the snow. Upon completion of the work at home, sbiten, a traditional Slavic hot sweet drink, awaited them. Ancestors revered him for its healing properties. It consisted of honey or molasses and various spices. Each housewife had her own recipe for cooking sbitn. Many people today tamp the snow and drink sbiten in the cold. In some regions, in addition to trampling snow, manure is transported to the fields.
During the existence of midwives (now this profession is called an obstetrician), women who were giving birth brought gifts to midwives on Cyril Vesnookazchik.
Spring is judged by the weather of this day.
How much snow there is in the field, so much bread will be in the barn.
If Kirill is warm and sunny, it means that frosts may soon hit.
If frost hits, the summer will be dry and hot.
The titmice chipped - to the imminent warmth.
On the night of Kirill Vesnookazchik, prophetic dreams are dreamed.
Monk Maron, the Syrian hermit
Day of honor of Saint Maron. He lived in the 4th century near the city of Cyrus in Syria. He had the gift of healing from diseases, casting out demons. He founded many monasteries in the Kirsk region.
12 Greeks, builders of the Cathedral of the Assumption Church of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
Memorial Day 12 Greek masters who built and decorated the Assumption Church of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra.
Saint Isaac, the hermit of the Caves
In honor of Saint Isaac. He lived in a seclusion in Anthony's cave. Died approx. 1090.
Saint Auxentius of Bithyn
Memorial Day of Saint Auxentius. He served at the court of the Emperor Theodosius the Younger. Then he became a hermit in Bithynia, on Mount Oksia. He had the gift of healing the sick. Died approx. 470 years old.
Prince Mikhail of Chernigov and the boyar of his martyr Theodore, miracle workers
A holiday in honor of Prince Mikhail of Chernigov (Vsevolodovich) and his boyar Theodor. They were martyred for the Christian faith by order of Khan Batu in 1246.
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A new style
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Venerable Auxentius of Vifinsky (about 470); equalap. Cyril, teacher of Slovenian (869) .
Venerable Isaac, the hermit of the Caves, in the Near Caves (c. 1090); 12 Greeks, builders of the Cathedral of the Assumption Church of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (XI); transfer of the relics of the Blgv. book Michael of Chernigov and his boyar martyr. Feodor, miracle workers (1578); St. Maron, Syrian hermit (IV); St. Abraham, Bishop of Carry (V); St. Hilarion Gruzin, Svyatogorets, Hieroskhimonakh (1864) (Georgian).
Schmch. Paul Dernova , the presbyter and his sons, mchch. Boris, Grigory and Simeon (1918); sshmch. Onisima (Pylaeva) , Bishop of Tula (1937); sshmch. Trifona Rodonezh , deacon (1938).
Saturday, to all saints
Apostles, martyrs and prophets, / sanctuary, sermons and righteousness, / the good deed accomplished and the faith of observance, / boldness is for Salvation, / about us Togo, I’m blessed, I pray
Transfer: Apostles, martyrs and prophets, saints, saints and righteous, who valiantly accomplished the feat and preserved the faith, having boldness before the Savior, Him for us as good, pray, pray, for the salvation of our souls!
Yako the beginnings of nature, to the planter of creatures, / the universe brings Ti, Lord, the martyrs of God; / with those prayers in the deep world // Thy Church, Thy life of the Divine Mother of God.
Transfer: As the first fruits of nature, the universe brings God-bearing martyrs to Thee, O Lord, to the planter of all creation. Through their prayers and intercession of the Theotokos, Thy Church - Thy people in the deepest world preserve, Most Merciful.show all
Saturday for the dead
Remember, Lord, for it is good, Thy servants, / and, if you have sinned in your life, forgive: / no one is sinless, then Thou art, // may you give peace to the dead.
Transfer: Remember, Lord, as the Good One, Thy servants and everything in which they have sinned in life, forgive: for no one is sinless except You. You can give peace to those who have passed away.
Rest with the saints, / Christ, / souls are Thy servant, / where there is no sickness, no sorrow, / no sighing, // but life is endless.
Transfer: Rest with the saints, Christ, the souls of Thy servants, where there is no pain, no sorrow, no groaning, but endless life.
To the Monk Auxentius of Bithyn
Troparion to the Monk Auxentius of Bithyn, voice 1
A desolate inhabitant, and in the body of an angel, / and the miracle-worker appeared as it is, God is dearer to our Auxentius, / constantly, by vigilance, by the prayer of the Heavenly gift of receiving, / giving you heal and giving you the heart / Glory to him that acts in thee to all healing.
Transfer: You, our God-bearing Father Auxentius, have appeared as a desert inhabitant, and in the flesh as an Angel, and as a miracle worker: by fasting, vigil, and prayer you have acquired heavenly gifts, you heal the sick and souls who come running to you with faith. Glory to Him Who gave you strength, glory to Him Who crowned you, glory to Him Who works through you to heal all.
Kontakion to the Monk Auxentius of Bithynia, voice 2
Having rejoiced, O God, abstinence / and curbing your desires for your fertility, / you appeared, shining with faith, / like a garden in the midst of paradise, you flourished, // Auxentia is more holy.
Transfer: Having enjoyed abstinence, God-wise, you also pacified the lusts of the flesh, showing growth by faith, and as a paradise tree of life, blossomed, Auxentius, holy father.
Equal to the Apostles Cyril the Philosopher, teacher of Slovenian
Troparion to Equal-to-the-Apostles Cyril the Philosopher, teacher of Slovenian, voice 4
From the shroud / wisdom I made my sister to myself, God-glared, / the most glorious vision, as a virgin, / yuzhe reception, I bring, / as monisty golds, I make me decorate my and I think mudre.
Transfer: From infancy, persistently making wisdom your sister (Proverbs 7: 4), a preacher of God, you saw her as the most luminous, like a virgin who you accepted, brought to you, as if you adorned your soul and mind with a golden necklace with her, and became (in monasticism ) to others, Cyril (in the world - Constantine), blessed, wise in name and reason.
Kontakion to Equal to the Apostles Cyril the Philosopher, teacher of Slovenian, voice 2
Solid and divinely inspired doctrine / enlightening the world with glorious lights, / flowed around, like the universe's light, / Cyril is blessed, / scattering the most glorious Divine words, / miracles in the world and in the fall
Transfer: Enlightening the world with the brilliant radiance of the unchanging and divinely inspired teaching, you flew like lightning around the universe, blessed Cyril, scattering the blessed word of God in the west and north, and south, enlightening the world with teaching, saint.
In kontakion to Equal to the Apostles Cyril the Philosopher, teacher of Slovenian, at a prayer service, voice 2
Tverdago and God-inspired doctrine / enlightening the world with glorious charges, / flowed around, like a prayer, the universe, holy Cyril, / scattering God's word in the West, and the sever, peace, and illumination
Transfer: Enlightening the world with the brilliant radiance of the unchanging and divinely inspired teaching, you flew like lightning around the universe, Saint Cyril, scattering God's word in the west and north, and south, enlightening the world with teaching, saint.
In kontakion to Equal to the Apostles Cyril the Philosopher, teacher of Slovenian, at a prayer service, voice 2
I will love the holy life, holy, / with the trisons of the Divine, I will illuminate, / come, like a prayer, in the whole universe, / enlightening the northern and southern earths, / westerly, the light does not come / I come to sin. spiritual, // and we have boldness towards God.
Transfer: Having loved the bright life, the saint, illuminated by the bright radiance of the Divine, appeared like lightning throughout the universe, enlightening the countries of the North and South, and appearing as an unfading light for the West. Therefore, even now, having dispersed the darkness of sin, saint, ask from above for spiritual grace, because you have boldness towards God.
Prayer to Equal-to-the-Apostles Cyril and Methodius, the Slovenian teacher
O Glorious Illuminator Slovenian language, Saints Cyril and Methodius, your letters and the light of Christ's teaching prosvetivshesya and faith nastavlshesya, Thou offspring to the fathers, hard nowadays resort and contrite heart we pray: If ye, and the covenant of your not soblyudohom about pleasing bo God nebregohom and from brotherly like-mindedness in the wind you have fallen asleep, both as a tree in your earthly life, you do not turn away the sinful and unworthy now, but, since you have the goodness of the disdain, give you the light of the way , may he lead to unanimity of the departed and all of us with the spirit of love, may he unite the One Holy One, the Holy One, and the Holy Apostles of the Church! Wém bo, for a lot can the prayer of the righteous by the grace of the Lord. Do not leave us, sad and unworthy, children of yours, and for the sake of the sins of your flock, shared by enmity and deceived by the temptations of others, who are deceived, but the oaths of words, are bursting with raptures. Podazhdte DRC us the prayers of your jealousy Orthodoxy, like a yes paternal tradition of good preservation, the canons of the church faithfully complied with, any false teachings strange otbezhim and tacos in the life of God-pleasing prespevayusche life of paradise in heaven be worthy, idezhe kupno you glorified in the Trinity one God, for ever and ever ... Amen.
Troparion to the Equal-to-the-Apostles Cyril and Methodius, a Slovenian teacher, voice 4
Yako the apostle of unanimity / and Slovene countries teachers, / Kirill and Methodius of Bogomudriy, / Pray to the Lord of all, / all the languages of Slovene are approved in Pravoslivia, and peace of mind.
Transfer: Teachers of the same mind and of the Slavic countries, the Apostles, the God-wise Cyril and Methodius, pray to the Master of all all Slavic peoples in Orthodoxy and to approve of like-mindedness, to protect the world in peace and save our souls.
Kontakion to the Equal-to-the-Apostles Cyril and Methodius, a Slovenian teacher, voice 3
The sacred pair of our enlighteners almost
Transfer: Let us honor the sacred pair of our enlighteners, translating the Divine Scriptures into the source of the knowledge of God, from which, even to this day, drawing abundantly, we glorify you, Cyril and Methodius, the Throne of the Most High, who are coming and fervently praying for our souls.
Saint Isaac, the hermit of the Caves, in the Near Caves
Troparion to the Monk Isaac, the hermit of the Caves, in the Near Caves, voice 2
The luminosities of the saints delight in the lust, / in the dark cave entered into a dark cave, praiseworthy, / and you labored well, Isaac, / was deceived by the enemy, / the joy was in God, // ask us for peace and mercy.
Transfer: Having wished to delight in the Lordship of the saints, you settled in a dark cave, glorified one, and you fought well, Isaac, you were deceived by the enemy, but destroyed all his cunning. And now, as a conqueror, joyfully standing before Christ God, ask us for peace and great mercy.
Kontakion to the Monk Isaac, the hermit of the Caves, in the Near Caves, voice 5
The glory of the enemy has deposed and in apostasy the light has shone forth, / come, faith, we praise Isaacia the victorious, / like, as evil, in the tempted Gospel.
Transfer: The enemy deception of the one who destroyed and shone brightly in fasting, come, believers, let us glorify Isaac the victorious, who, like gold, shone in trials (Wis. 3: 6) and enlightens the hearts of those who come to him with faith, praying to the Lord incessantly for our souls.
12 Greeks, builders of the Cathedral of the Assumption Church of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
Troparion to 12 Greeks, builders of the Cathedral of the Assumption Church of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, voice 3
Most blessed and God-bearing fathers, our / dvoenadesyatitse honest, / dispensation of the Great Church of the Kiev-Pechersk posluzhivshii / ravnoangelnym and lives of God ugodivshii / and Togo for the sake of ruling the boldness of him styazhavshii, / beseech you diligently // ask for cleansing our souls and veliyu and rich in mercy ...
Transfer: Our blessed and God-bearing fathers, twelve venerable ones, who served the construction of the great Kiev-Pechersk church, who served God with their life, similar to the angelic, who pleased God and therefore gained boldness from Him, we pray you earnestly: "Ask for cleansing for our souls and great and rich mercy."
Kontakion for 12 Greeks, builders of the Cathedral of the Assumption Church of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, voice 4
The wealth of grace and synopolozheniya styazhavshe / many exploits and dobrodetelmi, / ihzhe sake of Christ may dwell in your soul Its Heavenly village, / bestowing grace of incorruptibility and wonders moschem your / Wherefore we cry to you. / Rejoice, dvoenadesyatitse fair / Great Church Pechersk original creator // and the faces of the monks, praise and confirmation.
Transfer: You have earned the wealth of grace and adoption by many feats and virtues, for the sake of which Christ settled your souls in His heavenly villages, granting the grace of incorruption and miracles to your relics. Therefore, we appeal to you: "Rejoice, twelve venerable, builders of the great church of the Caves and monastic ranks, honor and strength."
To the Blessed Prince Mikhail of Chernigov and his boyar Theodore
Troparion to the faithful prince Mikhail of Chernigov and his boyar Theodore, voice 8
Illuminate the Trinity of the Divine with illumination, / passionate great prince Michael, / with the wise sickly ti Feodor, / self-proclaimed to strive for a move, / through the fire is not idolat, / the bush / do not bow to Christ and you are sad from the Trinity of God, there is a confession. / And for that sake of blood, blood your streams with streams of redness, glorious. / The same and a crown from Him, victorious priyasta, / and we are called more than you, we of those around us / and will give us all that is good, // He is the One who is glorified in His saints.
Transfer: Having enlightened the God of the Trinity with the radiance, the martyr Grand Duke Michael, with your wise boyar Theodore, of their own free will rushed to the feat, they did not go through the fire, they did not worship the bush and idols, but they were rejected and the wicked khan was denounced, Christ - One of the Persons of the Trinity - confessed as Jehovah God. Therefore, they were stained with streams of their blood, glorified. Therefore, you have received the crowns of victory from Him, and you are watching us from above, we pray you, saints, pray to Him that through your prayers He will deliver us from all coming disasters and give us all that is good, as the only One who is glorified in His saints.
Kontakion to the Blessed Prince Mikhail of Chernigov and his boyar Theodore, voice 5
The sun of the thoughtful righteous - Christ / illuminated with radiance, enrich Michael, / did not worship the apparent sun / and did not serve as the Creator, didn’t serve as a result / and didn’t be And now, in bearing your prayers / call us from above, and pray to God, / pray that we will be saved / and our Orthodoxy will remain unshakable, / Our Fatherland will be observed in all things / pray by His holy
Transfer: Spiritual righteous sun - Christ, generously illuminated with radiance, Michael, you did not bow to the visible sun, and you did not worship the creature, more than the Creator, you did not serve, and you curbed the wickedness, not being afraid of the fury of the khan and, having reddened blood, you appeared to Christ, rejoicing. And now, on the day of remembrance of the transfer of your relics, watch over us from above and pray to Christ, pray, for our salvation and that Orthodoxy may remain unshakable, our fatherland will be preserved in everything through your prayers, saint, by His great mercy.
In troparion to the faithful prince Mikhail of Chernigov and his boyar Theodore, voice 4
Your life is martyrically perfect, / the confessions of the Viennese have grown, to the Heavenly East, / Michael is right with the doble Feodor, / pray Christ for God / for His majesty / majesty.
Transfer: Having finished your life as a martyr, adorned with martyr's crowns, you ascended to Heaven, Michael the Wise with the brave Theodore, pray to Christ God to save your fatherland, the city and people, by His great mercy.
In troparion to the faithful prince Mikhail of Chernigov and his boyar Theodore, voice 3
Blessed by the apostle of equanimity, / received a natural Crown from Christ, / deserve beyond that, / to Michael the God-Madre and Theodore Divne, / ask the peace of the world // and our souls have mercy.
Transfer: Blessed and revered on an equal basis with the apostles, you received crowns from Christ, because you are worthy of this, God-wise Michael and amazing Theodore, ask the world and our souls great mercy for peace.
In kontakion to the faithful prince Mikhail of Chernigov and his boyar Theodore, voice 8
The kingdom of earth is imputed to nothing, / I glorify the transitory I left asi, / self-appointed came to the feat, / Trinity preached before the wicked tormentor, the grave of the Father, St. and people, // let us honor you all the time.
Transfer: Considering the earthly kingdom nothing, you left glory as temporary, you rushed to feat of your own free will, you preached the Trinity before the wicked tormentor, martyr Michael, with the brave Theodore, the Tsar of the Forces of the coming, pray to keep your fatherland, city and people unharmed, but we will ceaselessly honor you ...
In kontakion to the faithful prince Mikhail of Chernigov and his boyar Theodore, voice 2
They are in search of the highest, they left the lower ones naturally, / the chariot to Heaven they created their blood naturally, / so the interlocutors of the first martyr were quick, / Michael and Theodore, // from below Christ, God prayed incessantly for all now.
Transfer: In search of the Heavenly, you left the earthly, having made your martyr's blood a chariot leading to Heaven, therefore you became equal to the first martyrs, Michael and Theodore, with them pray to Christ God incessantly for all of us.
In kontakion to the faithful prince Mikhail of Chernigov and his boyar Theodore, voice 3
It shone, in Russia it rose, / torment by the glorious rays reflected, / passionate of glory, Michael and Theodore, / thus crying: // nothing will separate us from the love of Christ.
Transfer: As the luminaries, having shone in Russia, the torment with the rays of glory you repulsed, the glorified martyrs, Michael and Theodore, therefore cried out: "Nothing will separate us from the love of Christ" (Rom. 8:39).
To the Monk Maron, the Syrian hermit
Troparion to the Monk Maron, the Syrian hermit, voice 8
It’s the unsettling sun, exasperating to us this day / with your radiant prayers, venerable our father Marone, / like some mountains reached / and thamo on her living wicked who are fast, and surpassing your wickedness. Having sanctified God, thou dwelt in him, / and seeing the Man-lover, your God, your advancement and labors, / He gave you His gift, / and also carried your name into a man, / aim to scream the wind, fire and shake you. : / rejoice, our quickest healer; / rejoice, our warm intercessor, / come before the Most Holy Trinity, / pray to Thee for those who call your holy name, // let you get rid of these painful sorrows.
Transfer: The unsteady sun shone for us today in your luminous prayers, our venerable father Maron, who reached one mountain and was revered by the pagans living there for the height of your virtue with God, and there, having found an idol's temple, you consecrated it and stayed in it. Humanitarian God, who saw your labors and deeds, gave you His gift, which made you famous, to heal the pain, fever and fever who come to you with faith. Therefore, we appeal to you: "Rejoice, our quick healer, rejoice our ardent protector, for you stand at the Holy Trinity, pray to Her for those who call your holy name, may he save us from these serious illnesses and save our souls."
Kontakion to the Monk Maron, the Syrian hermit, voice 5
Passion cave, venerable, extinguished thyself, abstinence with dew. / With the gift he was enriched with healings from God, Marone, / accepted for the purpose of the great sickness of many years.
Transfer: Passion stove, saint, you extinguished with the dew of abstinence. You were enriched with the gift of healings from God, Maron, starting to heal the serious illnesses of believers and drive away the armies of demons. Therefore, we honor you with joy.
In troparion to the Monk Maron, the Syrian hermit, voice 4
Thy blessed life, Father Marone, / The angels are surprised there is, / and the demonic squeaky I’ve frightened. / Faithful congregations brightened up. your memory.
Transfer: Your blessed life, Father Maron, astonished the angels and truly frightened the demonic insolence, but brightened the believers in the assembly, commanding them to always go to the heavenly abodes of Christ. Beg him to get rid of suffering and death to all who celebrate your honored memory with faith.
In troparion to the Monk Maron, the Syrian hermit, voice 2
Moving away from the Pharisees' vanity, / revere our father to Marone, / ascended to a high mountain, / and showed the victory to the devil: / the treasure of the devil, sanctify / sanctify and chasing the beside, / and freeing from various ailments. / For God's sake, holy, pray to Christ God, // may he save our souls.
Transfer: Departing from pharisaic vanity, our venerable father Maron, you ascended a high mountain and there you won a victory over the devil, for you found a pagan temple and, having consecrated it to God, stayed in it, healing fever and fever with your prayers, driving out demons and freeing them from various diseases. Therefore, saint, pray to Christ God for the salvation of our souls.
Prayer to the Monk Maron, the Syrian hermit
Oh, beloved and holy head, venerable and God-beloved our father Marone! Graciously call us sinners from above, and pray to the Lord of God and all blessings to the Giver of God for the observance of our country. Become a prayer for us sinners. To the fearful Lord of Hosts, honest my own hand in this hour of stretch, and from Him I have asked for mercy and generosity, and received in our walk and intercession, save us from all troubles and fierce illnesses, and from all the unbearable passions and passions and shake us with your prayers, save us from the attack of demons, from visible and invisible enemies, keep it, and our transgressions are simpler to ask, and are saved, Christ is presented, and I am graciously glad to see His face. to be called into the Kingdom of Heaven from Him, and in the indescribable joy of seeing His glorious countenance, give kindness to the grace and love of God and the Lord God and Spas our Jesus Christ. As His holding is blessed and glorified, with His Beginning Father and the Most Holy and Good and His Life-giving Spirit, now and forever and forever and ever. Amen.
(2 Tim. 3: 1-9 ; Luke 20: 45–21: 4 )
Who are they "Having a form of godliness, but denying its power" (2 Tim. 3: 5 )? And who are the others "Always teach еXia and never can е reach the knowledge of the truth " ? The first are those who maintain all the external orders in which a godly life is expressed; but they do not have such a strong will to keep their inner dispositions in the way that true piety requires. They go to church willingly and stand there willingly. But they do not exert themselves so that their minds stand before God incessantly and reverently fall to Him, but after praying a little, they release the reins of the mind, and it soars, flowing around the whole world. And it turns out that, while according to their external position they are in the temple, according to their internal state they are not there: they have only one image of piety, but its power is not. So think about everything else.
The second are those who, having entered the realm of faith, do nothing but invent questions: what is what is, why is this, why is that. People suffering from empty inquisitiveness. They do not pursue the truth, but only to torture and torture. And having found a solution to questions, they do not dwell on it for long, and soon they feel the need to look for another solution. And so they circle day and night, torturing and torturing, and never being completely satisfied with what is tried. Some chase after pleasures, and they - after the satisfaction of their inquisitiveness.
Hound and hare
A person runs as long as he lives to find Christ, and never stops. He runs and feels not fatigue, but joy.
To make it clear, I will give you one example: a good hound, having sensed a hare, does not stand near the hunter, but darts off, runs and looks for a hare. He runs, then stops for a while, sniffs, runs again. She cannot stand still. Her mind is busy finding a hare. She doesn't look around. For her, there is more joy in running than standing still. Life for her is in running and searching.
This is the kind of sobriety we need to have. Our mind must constantly strive for Christ, because He is our goal. And we, although we took the trail, although we know the road, we know where to go to meet Christ, we often stand still, do not move forward. If we did not know the way, then our standing still would be justified.
Venerable Paisiy Svyatorets. The words. Volume V. Section two. A kind concern is a kind anxiety about a “good deed”. Kind worry never stops.
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Fundamentals of Orthodoxy
Topic 58. How to partake of the salvation given through the Lord Jesus Christ?
Christ founded and headed the Church, in which he unites us with Himself. The Church is called "the ship of salvation", it is in her that a person is saved. So, the shortest answer to the question "how to be saved?" - to become a member of the Church of Christ and lead a spiritual life.
As St. Athanasius the Great: "God does not save us without us" ... The Lord does not force human will, because it is impossible to make God-like by force. It depends on each of us whether or not to internalize the salvation given by God, to accept the gift of the Kingdom of God or to reject it.
The joint effort of man and God in the deed and salvation is called synergy (Greek. collaboration , interaction ).
Conventionally, it is possible to distinguish 3 stages or steps in the matter of salvation: - communion with God begins with faith; - then a person is spiritually born in the Sacrament of Baptism; - becomes churched, strives to keep the commandments, to lead a God-pleasing life.
Let us recall the Old Testament prototype of the Church - Noah's Ark. People were required to board the ship that Noah had already built. Only 8 people received salvation. (The modern interpretation of these events is in the story "100 days before the flood"). It will be the same at the Second Coming, see (Matthew 24: 37-39).
Christ commanded us: Enter by the narrow gates, because the gates are wide and the path leading to destruction is wide, and many walk by them; because the gate is narrow and the path leading to life is narrow, and few find it (Matthew 7: 13-14).
A rare neophyte did not want to go to a monastery, and not only for the sake of heroic deeds, but also so that loved ones would not interfere with salvation. Of course, there are cases when loved ones really hinder the salvation of a believer, however, quite often obstacles are understood as everyday difficulties associated with mutual communication, from which the neophyte wants to escape. However, our environment is very conducive to spiritual development: the development of humility, meekness, discretion and other virtues. How, for example, is it possible to heal unnecessary anger if there are no conditions for its manifestation? Love for God is achieved through love for one's neighbor. This applies not only to relatives, but to everyone with whom we come in contact, incl. at work. As you know, Christians do not work, Christians serve.
Easter is the bright Sunday of Christ (Photo: rozhenyuk, Shutterstock)
The history of Orthodox holidays dates back to the times of the Old Testament. The Orthodox are also associated with holidays that originate in the New Testament time. Each of the Orthodox holidays is dedicated to the remembrance of the most important events in the life of Jesus Christ and the Mother of God, as well as the memory of the saints.
Recognizing the holidays as beneficial from the point of view of piety, the Church has always given their celebration a solemn character, while the fulfillment of the sacrament of the Eucharist or the communion of the Holy Mysteries was considered a necessary condition. The whole life of Christians on holidays was arranged in accordance with this: they freed themselves from worldly activities and labors, did not arrange noisy amusements, feasts, but sanctified them with beneficence for the benefit of the Church and the poor.
In the 4-6 centuries, the Byzantine emperors who patronized the Church issued a law by which it was forbidden to violate the sanctity of the holidays by the administration of public office and legal proceedings , amusements and amusements were also prohibited, such as theatrical performances, duels and horse racing. Emperor Constantine the Great forbade trading on Sundays.
Christmas gifts and decorations (Photo: Cheryl E. Davis, Shutterstock)
Following these and other laws, holidays to this day differ from ordinary days in exemption from work and work, celebrations, some rituals and ceremonies that give a distinctive character to this or that holiday. Such laws are in other states professing Christianity, as well as among the Jews and Mohammedans.
At its core, the Orthodox Church Easter calendar consists of two parts - fixed and movable.
The fixed part of the church calendar is the Julian calendar, which diverges by 13 days from the Gregorian one. Holidays of the fixed part of the calendar have a constant date, each holiday is celebrated annually on the same day.
The movable part of the church calendar moves along with the changing date of the celebration of Easter from year to year ... The very date of the celebration of Easter is determined according to the lunar calendar and a number of additional dogmatic factors (not to celebrate Easter with the Jews, to celebrate Easter only after the spring equinox, to celebrate Easter only after the first spring full moon). All holidays with variable dates are counted from Easter and move in time of the "secular" calendar with it.
Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow (Photo: Shutterstock)
Thus, both parts of the Easter calendar (movable and fixed) together determine the calendar of Orthodox holidays.
The following are the most significant events for an Orthodox Christian - the so-called Twelve Feasts and Great Feasts. Although the Orthodox Church celebrates holidays according to the "old style", which differs by 13 days, the dates in our calendar for convenience are indicated according to the generally accepted secular calendar of the new style.
Easter (Bright Sunday) - May 2, 2021
Twelve non-passing holidays
Jan. 7 -Nativity
January 19 -Baptism of the Lord (Holy Epiphany)
February, 15 -Presentation of the Lord
April 7 -Annunciation to the Most Holy Theotokos
August 19 -Transfiguration
August 28 -Dormition of the Most Holy Theotokos
September 21st -Nativity of the Blessed Virgin
September 27 -Exaltation of the Cross of the Lord
December 4 -Introduction to the Church of the Most Holy Theotokos
Twelve rolling holidays in 2021
25th of April -Entry of the Lord into Jerusalem
June 10th -Ascension of the Lord
June 20 -Day of the Holy Trinity
Great Holidays with a Constant Date
January 14 -Circumcision of the Lord
July 7 -The Nativity of John the Baptist
July, 12 -Feast of the Holy Primate Apostles Peter and Paul
11 September -Beheading of John the Baptist
October 14 -Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary
Orthodox posts in 2021Multi-day fasting
Nativity Fast: from November 28, 2020 to January 6, 2021 From November 28 to January 1 inclusive - not strict; from January 2 to January 6 - strict.
Great Lent: from March 15 to May 1 Petrov Lent: from June 28 to July 11 Assumption Fast: from August 14 to August 27
Wednesday and Friday: throughout the year, with the exception of continuous weeks and Christmastide. Epiphany Eve (Eve of the Epiphany) - January 18 Beheading of the head of John the Baptist - September 11 Exaltation of the Lord's Cross - September 27
|The date:||Day of the week:||Old style:|
|February 27, 2021||Saturday||February 14, 2021|
Below you will find more detailed information about the upcoming church holidays for today, tomorrow and the whole week, which are celebrated by believers in Russia and the world according to the Orthodox Christian calendar 2019. To learn more about each divine event, follow the link after the description.
What is a church holiday today?
Today, February 27, 2021, Orthodox Christians celebrate:
Many people know that the father of Slavic writing and the progenitor of the modern alphabet is the Equal-to-the-Apostles Cyril Vesnaukazchik, the Slovenian teacher, who later received his nickname from the peasants, who judged their future by the weather of the date of his celebration. It is the holiday of veneration of his works that the Orthodox Church celebrates annually on February 27.
Constantine (worldly name) was born in the 9th century in Thessaloniki in the family of the military commander of the Leo regiment. His grandfather was once a nobleman exiled to Eastern Rome. The father died early and left the boy as a 12-year-old orphan to be raised by the official Feoktist, the official guardian of the underage emperor Michael III. From that moment on, Constantine was brought up and received a high education on a par with the tsar's heir.
From childhood, he showed high knowledge in the field of dialectics, philosophy, rhetoric and various languages.
Read more about Kirill Vesnookazchik
Memorial Day of Saints according to the Orthodox calendar
According to the Christian church calendar, today is the day of remembrance of the saints:
- Monk Auxentius of Bithynia, hermit, presbyter
- Saint Abramius (Abraham) of Carrian, Bishop
- Venerable Hilarion of Georgia, Svyatorets, Hieroschemamonk
- Monk Isaac of the Caves, recluse
- Equal to the Apostles Cyril (Constantine) Philosopher, Moravian
- Monk Maron of Syria, hermit
- Saint Raphael of Brooklyn, Bishop
- martyr Boris Dernov
- Martyr Grigory Dernov
- Hieromartyr Onisim (Pylaev), Tula, Bishop
Show the rest of the saints (5 more)
- Hieromartyr Pavel Dernov, presbyter
- martyr Simeon Dernov
- Hieromartyr Tryphon of Rodonezh, deacon
- faithful Mikhail Vsevolodovich, Chernigov
- Martyr Feodor of Chernigov
The days of remembrance of the saints according to the church calendar are taken as a basis when choosing a name for the baptism of a person. In accordance with them, the Christian name day of a person is determined, or, more simply, the day of the angel. It is customary in Orthodoxy to honor the memory of your saint by prayer.
All Church Holidays This Week
Day of Pankraty (Pankraty-Lapotnik; Laptev Day; Nikifor-Pankraty; Pankrat, Reverend Pankraty of Pechersk)
Day of the uncovering of the relics of St. Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia
Prokhor Vesnovay (Day of Prokhor; Prokhorov day; Prokhor; Kharlampy, Reverend Prokhor of Pechersk)
Vlasy day (Vlasiy's Day; Vlasiy; Cow's holiday; Vlasy beard in oil; Vlasiy is a cattle god; Volos; Savior chipped, Hieromartyr Vlasiy of Sevastia, bishop)
Alexey Rybny (Alexei Day; Alexeev Day; Alexy; Alexey; Melety, Saint Alexius, Metropolitan of Moscow, wonderworker of All Russia)
Celebration in honor of the Iberian Icon of the Mother of God
Kirill Vesnaukazchik (Kirill Pointer; Kirill; Vesnookaznik; Babi Vzbryksy, Equal-to-the-Apostles Kirill, teacher of Slovenian)
Onisim Ovchar (Onisim; Zimobor; Anisim-zornik; Onisim-shepherd; Shepherd; Hail; Semennoe, Apostle from 70 Onesim)
Celebration in honor of the Vilna Icon of the Mother of God
On February 27, the Orthodox calendar pays tribute to the memory of Equal-to-the-Apostles Cyril, the father of Slavic writing. Slovene teachers are considered the founder of the modern alphabet.
In the peasant environment, there was a tradition to notice the weather on the day of his commemoration, and to guess the future precisely by this date. Hence the second name of the holiday appeared - Vesnookazchik.
The life of the saint and the emergence of the holiday
Cyril was born in the 9th century in Thessaloniki in a wealthy family of the commander of the Leo regiment. Grandfather belonged to the nobility, but was exiled to the outskirts of the empire - to Eastern Rome. The boy was named Constantine at birth. The boy was orphaned at the age of 12.
After the unexpected death of his father, the upbringing of Constantine was taken up by one of the officials named Theoktist. At the same time, Theoktist was the legal guardian of the young heir to Michael III. Young people received the same high education, the best at that time.
From a young age Konstantin showed the ability to study foreign languages and philosophy. Rhetoric and dialectics were easy for him. Feoktist considered the ward for the role of the spouse of his wealthy goddaughter Irina. But Konstantin refused a promising marriage union, decided to devote his life to church service.
The position of Khartophilax turned out to be more attractive to him, and he began to control the church document flow in the St. Sophia Cathedral. However, soon the young man went to a monastery on the Black Sea coast, where he was in seclusion.
Considering his knowledge and abilities, the leadership of the university where he studied returned Konstantin to the educational institution. The young man was appointed to the position of a teacher of philosophy. In subsequent years, he took part in philosophical debates, which gained fame and respect.
The death of a mentor in 856 becomes a turning point in the life of a philosopher. In the company of his companions, Konstantin goes to one of the monasteries. Acquaintance with the abbot Methodius leads to the idea of the need to create a unified Slavic writing system.
It is known that Constantine participated in religious disputes in Khazaria with the kaganate, while he won a victory. The dispute was preceded by a long study of the language and writing, the preparation of arguments in favor of the adoption of Christianity. The above arguments and facts, the victory won, unfortunately, did not lead to the adoption of the faith of Christ by the Khaganate.
On behalf of the emperor, Methodius and Constantine set off for Moravia in 862 to translate Greek written sources into Slavic. Fulfilling the order of the emperor, they simultaneously taught the illiterate to read, write and conduct worship.
The reigning rules in the church world allowed to conduct services in only three languages: Latin, Greek and Hebrew. The clergy accused Methodius and Constantine of heresy, as a result of which they had to give explanations in Rome. The Pope supported their endeavors in the dissemination and necessity of the Slavic language.
Suddenly, Constantine is struck by a disease that chases him to bed. Realizing that death is inevitable, he takes a monastic vow and is named Cyril. After a couple of months, the saint died.
On February 27, the peasants watched the weather conditions. Kirill Pointer suggested what the harvest would be, how long the cold would last and how warm the summer would be.
- What is the weather on Kirill Vesnookazchik, this will be the coming spring,
- The more snow on the street, the more productive the wheat,
- Frosty and blizzard day to dry and hot summer.
On a holiday, the signs were observed during work. Men went out into the fields, trampling snow to slow the melting and outflow of melt water from arable land. The women stayed at home and cooked sbiten from honey and aromatic herbs.
The prophetic dream seen on the night of Cyril Pointer's holiday revealed the future.