Encyclopedia - Prostate Iron (Prostate)

Non-iron, or prostate  (Prostata. ) - an unpaired iron-muscle body related to internal male genital organs.

Prostate location (prostate)

Prostate gland (prostate)

Prostate gland (prostate)

There is a prostate iron in the pelvis cavity under the bottom of the bladder (Fig. 1). The shape and sizes of the gland resemble chestnut, its weight about 20 g. Through the prostate gland undergoes the initial department of the urethra, in which the robes of the gland itself and seed-milling ducts are opened. The proportion of the prostate gland is distinguished by the base facing the bladder, and the top, adjacent to the urinary diaphragm (the muscles of the crotch). The front surface of the gland convex and separated from the pubic bones of the loose fiber, where vascular venous plexus and bunches of fibrous fibers, fixing the gland to the pelvis walls. The rear surface of the gland arrives to the rectum, so its study and some physiotherapy procedures can be made from the cavity of the rectum.

Structure of the prostate gland (prostate)

The prostate gland has two Side shares (right and left), between which in the field of the base of the gland is located Average share (gland stakes) . An increase (hypertrophy) of the latter can break urination. Outside, the prostate iron is covered with a capsule, from which partitions dividing the gland on 20-30 poles is departed.

In the thicker, prostate fabrics are concluded Prostatic glands Different with dimensions and localization. The smallest mucous glands are located in the tissue directly surrounding the urethra, it is precisely adenomatous nodules (from Greek. aden - Iron, Oma. - tumor), causing the growth of the prostate gland tissue (prostate adenoma). Sublifting glands are located a ride a little further. The main, or external, glands, which ensure the development of the main part of the secret of the entire prostate, are in the very peripheral region of the body. Prostatic glands, as already mentioned, opened in the urethra. Prostate glands produce a secret that is part of the sperm and the characteristic odor imparting. It is believed that this secret activates spermatozoa, increases their mobility and vital activity. According to the form of the secret of prostate is a watery, reminiscent liquid liquid of a weakly alkaline reaction.

Between the prostatic glands and around them, as well as in the thickness of the partitions are bundles of smooth muscles, forming the muscular substance of the prostate gland. Muscular fiber bundles also surround the urethra, forming its involuntary sphincter (compressor). The contraction of the muscular substance of the prostate provides the ejection of the stakes of the glands and prevents urinary getting into the urethra during seeds. Prior to the occurrence of sexual maturity, the prostate gland is an extremely muscular organ, the development of its iron part occurs during puberty.

Endocrine concept of prostate gland (prostate)

Part of the protonation of the prostate gland enters the blood. In small quantities, this secret stimulates the selection of sex hormones with men's gender glands - testicles, in large quantities - inhibits. This is how the changes in sexual waste (libido) are explained in men: with active sexual life in the composition of sperm, a lot of prostate gland is ejected, respectively, it decreases into blood. This is stimulated by the development of male sex hormones, which determine the libido. A decrease in sexual activity leads to a deposit of the secret of the prostate gland, which begins to take offenses in the blood and slow down the activities of the testicles. In turn, men's sex hormones (androgens) generated in the testicles are necessary for the normal development and operation of the prostate.

Prostate gland and male health

The prostate gland is an important organ of the men's sexual system. The normal functioning of the prostate is the pledge of male health. The main perpetrators of specific male problems are stress, disorders in the work of the prostate gland and disease transmitted by sexual. The main diseases of the prostate: prostate, adenoma of the prostate gland, prostate cancer.

Regular visits to the doctor-urologist, allow you to reveal these diseases in a timely manner and choose the most optimal treatment. Men older than 40 years, even in the absence of complaints, should attend the urologist once every 2 years. Standard prophylactic inspection includes a conversation with a doctor, a finger rectal study, an ultrasound study of the prostate and conducting blood analysis on the PSA.

Author: Olga Gurova, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher, Associate Professor of Human Anatomy RUDN

The patient of prostate is often the cause of many unpleasant ages, it may make a sexual intercourse for a man and even worsen his fertility. Not to mention the fact that every year in every European country dozens of thousands of men fall into prostate cancer.

Many men shy their problems with the prostate and do not turn to the urologist. Learn more about the most prostate, its diseases and infertility with infertility in this article.

Why do you need a prostate?

Prostate, also known as the prostate gland, has a modest size - with walnut, but performs a very important function - reproductive. Iron is located at the place of intersection of the urinary tract - below the bladder, right at the mouth of the urethra, which, besides, passes right through the center of the organ.

Prostate - This is iron, that is, as swelling glands allocate sweat, and the liver is bile, the prostate is distinguished by a substance that performs a certain function in the body. This substance is a turbid whitish liquid in sperm. In other words, the secret produced by the prostate is part of sperm and performs a power function. It is thanks to her a sperm can keep the necessary parameters - to be sufficiently viable and movable.


In addition, in the prostate gland, the PSA protein substance is formed, participating in the process of fertilization. Thus, there is no doubt that men's fertility largely depends on the state of the prostate, and any problem with the prostate gland can make it difficult to conceive a child because they are associated with a decrease in sperm parameters.

Prostate sizes change throughout life

The boy is born with a prostate size with a pea. In subsequent years of iron slowly increases to achieve proper size for an adult man aged about 30 years. The prostate of the man "In the heyday" has a height of about 2.5 cm, 4 cm width and 3 cm thickness, and weight from 15 to 20 g.

30 years is the period of relative stabilization, during which the prostate does not grow so intensively as before. It increases approximately 45 years. This is due to a decrease in the level of male genital hormones, including the most important of them - testosterone.

When changing the size of the prostate, we are talking about the so-called benign prostate hyperplasia, which already at this stage may be associated with unpleasant symptoms.

Benign prostate hyperplasia - what are the symptoms?

The most frequent symptoms on which men complain with benign prostatic hyperplasia are complaining:

  • weak urine jet;
  • Feeling of urges to urination (both during the day and at night).
Feeling of urges to urination
Feeling of urges to urination

A man can also feel that his bladder is emptied not completely. In addition, urine can incontrollable flow from the bladder.

All these symptoms are the result of the pressure of the increasing prostate on the urethra, which makes it difficult to outflow of urine properly. Stagnation of urine in the bladder, in turn, can cause recurrent infections of the urethra, bladder and stone formation, and in the worst case even renal failure.

But the worst thing is that such signs are accompanied by other dangerous pathology - prostatitis and prostate cancer. That is why it is so important a man to turn to the urologist as soon as he notices the first disturbing symptoms.

Acute and chronic prostatitis basically affects young men

Prostatitis by origin can be bacterial or non-bacterial. It can be caused by microbes or stagnation of the secretary produced by the prostate gland. It is mainly striking young men aged from 20 to 40 years.

Patients are concerned:

  • Strengthening urinary urges;
  • burning in urination;
  • Sometimes an increase in body temperature.

The treatment of prostatitis is not the simplest, since many antibiotics do not penetrate the prostate gland.

Prostatitis is one of the main causes of male infertility. Treatment of this pathology is strictly necessary.

Prostate cancer - another pathology of the prostate gland

In Europe prostate cancer - One of the most common oncological diseases in men. Every year, in each country, doctors diagnose it in tens of thousands of people. According to statistics, this cancer is striking about 30% 50-year-old and 80% of 80-year-old men. At the same time, this is the third cause of death from cancer.

Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer

A characteristic feature of prostate cancer is that it develops quite slowly and is usually asymptomatic - at least at the beginning. If the symptoms are present, they are very similar to those associated with a benign prostate hyperplasia.

Are there any men with an increased risk of developing this cancer? Yes! The predisposition to the prostate cancer will obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, unbearable inflammation of urinary tract, excessive sexual abstinence, as well as genetic factors.

Prostate cancer is curable provided that it will be detected early. Unfortunately, many men lay a visit to the urologist, most often due to embarrassment and fear of painful and unpleasant diagnosis. Meanwhile, it is enough to pass a few simple tests to protect yourself from this dangerous disease.

As for fertility, when the prostate cancer is launched, infertility is guaranteed. Therefore, a timely examination of the urologist is a guarantee of the reproductive health of a man.

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